All You Want to Know About The Cairn Terrier Dog

The Cairn Terrier may be a small breed of dog, but they are an active part of the family.

While they love to play, they are also smart and independent. Their foxy expression is extra lovable and their tough, weather-resistant coat can be a wide range of colors. This dog just may be the right breed for your family.

This dog is bright-eyed and always up for a good adventure.

The Cairn Terrier was originally bred in Scotland to dig into rocky areas to search for vermin.

Now, this breed is only a family pet and human companion.

If you are looking for a calm dog to stay in your lap, this might not be the right breed for you. Instead, Cairn Terriers are eager to go for long walks, play, and chase squirrels.

The Cairn Terrier Breed

Cairn Terriers only weigh about 13 pounds, but they act as if they are much bigger. They are intelligent and easy to train and sometimes even come across to be a bit stubborn.

This breed is affectionate, especially with children. Some other small breeds of dogs resist playing rough games with children, but the Cairn Terrier can hold his own in a game of tumbling.

But remember, it is always best to supervise children when they are having contact with any type of animal.

When it comes to small furry creatures, this breed goes back to its roots of searching for vermin.

This means that this breed may have a tendency to chase any small creature such as a cat or a hamster, so it is best to keep this breed leashed when going for walks.

One of the best things about the Cairn Terrier is that it is a low-maintenance dog which is best for people who do not have time to bathe their dogs more than once a week.

Cairn Terriers work best in homes where someone tends to be home a lot. They do not like to be alone for a long time and would rather be an active member of a family.

The Personality of a Cairn Terrier

While this breed is small, they are confident and therefore forget about their size.

They are independent like a typical terrier and they carry a no-nonsense attitude, however, they are friendly dogs who easily adapt to a new home, whether that is in the city or on a farm.

This breed is alert, active, and curious, making him a perfect watch dog.

Cairns are forgiving dogs after an accidental bump on the head or a step on the tail. However, it is still important to care for this breed so they are not played with too harshly by children.

This breed may snuggle with his owner for a few minutes, but they tend to stay active and move on quickly to the next distraction. Make sure to pay attention to this breed’s tendency to dig up a garden or yard due to their strong nails.

You will never need to yell at this breed or treat him with force. Instead, he will best respond to reinforcement such as praise, play, and biscuits, as long as you make sure he knows who is in charge.

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Remember to be firm and consistent in your rules, and your dog will be happy to follow your lead.

Without proper training, Cairn Terriers may become bored and spend their time chewing, digging, and barking to stay occupied.

It is best to keep challenging this dog’s great brain with toys such as puzzles and involved training sessions that are ever-changing and keep him on his toes. If you love activities such as long walks and hikes, this may be the perfect dog for you.

History and Background of the Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier comes from small terriers living on the Isle of Skye in Scotland.

Here, they were kept in farms and barnyards that were not infested with rats and other vermin so they were able to hunt other animals such as foxes, otters, and badgers.

In the 18th century, this breed was often referred to as either “shorthaired terriers” or “little Skye terriers.” This breed most likely is a mix between the white terrier (which no longer exists) and the black and tan terriers.

Up until the early 1870s, the terriers in Scotland were all considered Scotch Terriers and divided into only two groups: Dandie Dinmont Terriers and Skye Terriers.

The Cairn Terrier landed in the Skye Terrier category, in addition to what is now known as the Scottish Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier.

The main difference among the breeds is the color of their fur and that different breeds could be born in the same litter.

Until early in the 20th century, Cairn Terriers mostly stayed in farms and barns. After that, people started to use them as show dogs.

In 1912, they were given the name of “Cairn Terrier” which represented the stones that created landmarks in the Highlands.

Prior to 1912, Cairns were often crossed with Westies.

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However, when the American Kennel Club distinguished the Cairn Terrier in 1913, the mixed breeding stopped.

Currently, Cairns rank 56th on the list of dogs registered by the American Kennel Club.

Are Cairn Terriers Playful and Fun?

They are! This breed of dog will rarely be found laying around doing nothing.

They love to play and run and go for long walks outside. They are great with children and a perfect family pet for an active family who likes to get out in nature and go on hikes and play at the park.

Cairn Terriers are also very affectionate and sociable.

This means that if you often have guests to your house, this is a great breed of dog to have to greet your guests and make them feel at home.

While they are watchdogs, Cairn Terriers really love to play and will engage with anyone who wants to play with them.

Here is a video of Cairn Terriers playing with each other. You can see how happy and engaged they are.

How Much Exercise Does A Cairn Terrier Need?

This breed loves to exercise, and it needs to be active throughout the day. If you are one to sit at home and prefer a dog to relax with you, this may not be the best choice for you.

Cairns love to run around, play with toys, and discover new scents in their neighborhoods.

Cairn Terriers can get restless if they do not get the exercise that they need, which may result in destructive behavior such as chewing shoes or other household items that aren’t dog toys.

What are the Grooming Needs of Cairn Terriers?

Cairn Terriers need to be brushed about once a week to get rid of loose and dead hair.

However, they only need to be fully bathed once every few months. Over-bathing this breed can actually cause their coarse coat to become soft, which takes away from one of their natural and finest traits.

Cairns should have their nails trimmed about three times per year.

Dental health is important to the Cairn Terrier. Their teeth should be brushed every week to help fight tartar, gum disease, and bad breath. Use a veterinarian-approved solution for ear cleaning as well.

Are Cairn Terriers Easy to Train?

These dogs are easy to train and training should start early. Cairns are quick learners, but they can be stubborn. But Cairns love food, so be sure to include treats as part of your training plan.

Be sure to use positive reinforcement and a firm, but loving touch when you train them.

It is best to begin training this breed at a young age, as soon as they find their home. Because these dogs are smart, they can begin learning when they are only eight months old.

If you wait too long to start training, you will end up with a more stubborn dog to deal with.

How Much Does a Cairn Terrier Puppy Cost?

Puppies average from $700 to $1,000. This is because these are purebred dogs that are also show dogs.

These dogs are desirable due to their family-friendly personality and their low-maintenance upkeep. Their average lifespan is 12-15 years, and there are typically 2-10 puppies in each litter.

Overall, this is a great breed of dog to consider adding to your family!

Leave us a comment about your experiences with this type of dog and what you have found to be most beneficial about raising one.

If you are looking for a family-friendly dog, look into the Cairn Terrier and give it some serious consideration.

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